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MARY'S HOMESTEAD 


We are providing you this information for your 2010  spring garden for your education and enjoyment.
 in your homesteading for the 2010  year  and the future ones to come.

STARTING SEED INDOORS

Collect the necessary materials for starting seeds. You will need pots or other containers, and soil medium. Containers can be anything from yogurt cups to flowerpots, but all should have drainage holes in the bottom so there is adequate drainage for your seedlings.

Very important note; most seeds should be buried to a depth of one or 2 times the diameter of the seed. That means that small seeds like tomatoes should barely be a quarter of an inch below the surface of the soil. Remember that in nature most seeds just lay on the surface of the ground before germinating.

In addition to requiring a soil medium and water to grow, seeds also require warmth and light. A warm spot in the house, such as on top of the refrigerator, will provide the heat. Once the seedlings emerged, light becomes extremely important. A sunny windowsill may have to be used, ( remember to turn the seed trays every other day), but ideally a pare of low-cost fluorescent shop lights should be suspended on chains about 2-4 inches above the growing tops of the seedlings. Turn the light on for up 16 hours per day and then let the plants rest during 8 hours of darkness. Keep the seedlings warm during the day  hours (around 70 degress) and reduce the temperature to 60 degrees at night. Lightly water when the soil feels dry to the touch using water at room temperature. A good fertilizer is fish and kelp emulsion organic food.




 

 

 

 

 



 

 



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YOU CAN SAVE MONEY AT THE GROCERY STORE BY EATING FOODS FROM YOUR GARDEN.
YOU CAN ALSO SAVE THE HEIRLOOM SEEDS YEAR AFTER YEAR.

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BEGIN AT THE BEGINNING

As early as possible in the year, prepae a list of the vegetables , fruits and herbs that you want to grow.  BUY YOUR SEED NOW! If something happens then you will have them. Make a list of the plants that you want to grow. Make your plans of the vegetables that your family eats. Make a menu for your  year or 3-6 months menus of whatever your family likes. After making your list you can decide how many seeds or plants you need to buy. BE SURE TO EMAIL US AND WE WILL HELP YOU.

THE IMPORTANCE OF THE LAST FROST DATE IN THE SPRING

There are 2 categories of plants in the garden: first tender plants which will be killed by temperatures of 32 degrees. This group is further divided into those which must be started indoors so that they have grown into small plants before planting after the first spring frost. Second, hardy plants will not be killed in your early spring temperatures drop into the lower 30's. They can be planted directly in cool soils without pre-startng in the house.

FIND OUT YOUR LAST FROST DATE

You can ask gardening neighbors, or a local agricultural or university Extension office. Ask a gardening supply or feed store or go online. With this date you can now work bckwards through the early Spring months and work out what needs to be started and when.

 

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COOL WEATHER CROPS SPRING/&/OR/FALL


BROCCOLI, ENDIVE, KALE, HEAD LETTUCE, RADISH, SPINACH, TURNIPS, PEAS.

EARLY MATURING VEGETABLES

CRESS, RADISH, SCALLION, SPINACH,TURNIP, BUSH SNAP BEANS, SUMMER SQUASH, EARLY PEAS,KALE, SWISS CHARD,

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PLANT IN SUMMER FOR A LATE CROP TO STORE THROUGH WINTER.

BEETS, CABBAGE, CARROTS, CELERY, ONIONS, PARSNIPS, PUMPKINS, WINTER READISH, WINTER SQUASH, TURNIPS

 

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GREATEST YIELD FOR SPACE AND EFFORT

TOMATOES, BUSH SNAP BEANS, LETTUCE, SQUASH, CARROTS, BEETS

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WHAT WENT WRONG WITH MY SEEDLINGS


The soil mix should be damp but not dripping. Rinse with a bleach and water solution ( 1 part bleach to 10 parts water. Water from the bottom whenever possible. Seedlings that are too leggey or tall that have been grown without sufficient light. Tomato plants can be buried deeply when transferring into larger pots when  moved out to the garden.

HARDENING OFF

If possible, move the trays of young plants outside for some hours of the daylight and then return them to the protection of the house at night.

HOW TO PLANT SEEDLINGS IN THE GARDEN

Once the plants have been hardened off and the danger of frost is past (if applieable) take the seedlings and a full watering can out to the rows of beds. Using the spacing chart provided (SEE MARY'S HOMESTEAD HOMESTEADING & PLANTING GUIDE) dig a small hole. Place the seedling in the ground at about the height it was growing in the pot. Press the earth down firmly and water well.

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VITAMINS IN THE NON-GE-HEIRLOOM VEGETABLES

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VITAMIN A
Vitamin A is needed more for children and adults need it also for healthy skin and eyes.

BUTTERCUP SQUASH

RECOMMENDED PLANTING DATES IN MO. (PLEASE ASK YOUR EXTENSION AGENT FOR YOUR AREA IF YOU DO NOT LIVE IN MO.)

SOUTH MISSOURI-MAY 1-30, CENTRAL MISSOURI-MAY 10-30, NORTH MISSOURI-MAY 15-30.

CARROT

REMENDED PLANTING DATES IN MO (ASK YOUR EXTENSION AGENT FOR THE PLANTING DATE IN YOUR AREA).


SOUTH MISSOURI: MARCH5-25, AUG. 1-15, CENTRAL MISSOURI-MARCH 15-30, NORTH MISSOURI, JULY 20-30

RICH IN VITAMINS A AND C
SPINACH DOES ALSO SUPPLY VITAMIN A & C. VITAMIN C IS NEEDED TO PREVENT SCURVY. A DISEASE  THAT RESULTS IN BLEEDING GUMS.

SPINACH

RECOMMENDED PLANTING DATES IN MISSOURI

SOUTH MISSOURI: MARCH 10-MAY 1, CENTRAL MISSOURI: MARCH 20-APRIL 20, NORTH MISSOURI: APRIL 1-20


 



 

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VITAMIN C
These are 3 heirloom  sweet pepper plants that we recommend for you to plant in your garden.

 California Wonder Sweet Pepper, Red Marconi Sweet Pepper, and  Golden Marconi Sweet Pepper.

RED MARCONI PEPPERS IS A FAVORITE FOR SALADS AND STEWS. IT HAS LOTS OF ANTIOXIDANTS TO FIGHT FREE RADICALS. IT ALSO HAS LYCOPENE WHICH PROTECTS AGAINST CANCER.

RECOMMENDED PLANTING DATES

SOUTH MISSOURI: MAY 1-25, Central Missouri: May 10-30. Northern Missouri: May 15-30.

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TOMATO RICH IN VITAMIN C


MARY'S HOMESTEAD HAS 4 KINDS OF NON-GE-HEIRLOOM TOMATO SEEDS. They are : roma,  beefsteak, red fig, and riesentraube.

TOMATOES ARE FULL OF THE ANTIOXIDANTS LYCOPENE AND VITAMIN C.  ENJOY OUR TOMATO PAGE AND ALL OUR HANDBOOK PAGES. MARY'S HOMESTEAD HAS A TOMATO HANDBOOK. IT HAS MANY RECIPES FOR TOMATOES.  THERE ARE RECIPES FOR KETCHUP AND TOMATO SAUCE. YOU WILL GET THE LYCOPENE IN YOUR CANNED TOMATOS . THE TASTE IS GREAT OUT OF THE GARDEN.

RECOMMENDED PLANTING DATES,

SOUTH MISSOURI: APRIL 20- TO MAY 10.

CENTRAL MISSOURI: MAY 10-20,

NORTH MISSOURI, MAY 15-30 


 




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START SEEDS INDOORS AND TRANSFER OUTDOORS AFTER THE LAST FROST (TENDER PLANTS).

VEGETABLE

Chives, leeks, onions,           12 weeks before last frost.

Celery                                    10 weeks

Eggplant, peppers                8 weeks

Tomatoes                               8 weeks

Broccoli, cabbage                 6 weeks

Cucumbers, melons               3 weeks

Okra, squash                         3 weeks

  



 

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DIRECT SEED IN GARDEN BEFORE LAST FROST (THESE SEEDS ARE HARDY)

5 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST DATE.

BEETS, CARROTS, PEAS             4

RADISH, ENDIVE                         4
                                      

LETTUCE ( ALL TYPES)              2

SWISS CHARD                              2


DIRECT SEED IN GARDEN AFTER LAST FROST (TENDER)


WEEKS AFTER LAST FROST DATE


BEANS                                     1-2


CORN, MUSKMELON            2

WATERMELLON, OKRA       2

PUMPKIN, SQUASH               2

CUCUMBERS,  PEANUTS      2






          

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ROW SPACING CHART

Plant seed and seedlings according to the following row spacing chart. If you use rows in  your garden & if you direct-sown seedlings come too close together based on this chart, carefully pull out additional ones to achieve the desired spacing. There are other methods of setting out plants and we will put those methods in another  newsletter. The other methods are: wide row planting, raised beds,  and container gardening.

 

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ROW SPACING

VEGETABLES

RADISHES                               2

CARROTS, PEAS                     3

BEETS, LEAF LETTUCE          4

ONIONS                                   4

SPINACH, TURNIPS               4

BEANS (POLE)                        8

BEANS (BUSH)                        6

CABBAGE, KALE                 12

SWEET & DENT CORN        12

BROCCOLI, CUCUMBER    18

OKRA, PEPPERS                   18

TOMATOES, EGGPLANT     18

MUSK MELONS                    48

SUMMER SQUASH                48

WINTER SQUASH                  48

PUMPKINS                             60

HERBS

CHIVES, OREGANO, YARROW, PARSLEY      12-14

THYME, CHAMOMLLE, CATNIP                        8-12

DILL, SAGE, BASIL,                                             6-8

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